1 学科导学Orientation to ICC
（1） In small groups, discuss your interpretation of the following quote: “Globalization is political, technological,and cultural, as well as economic.”
(2) Explain how changes in technology, the new global economy, and increases in the world’s population might affect you.
(3) Explain what is meant by the phrase “Communication is contextual.” Can you think of examples of how context has influenced your behavior?
2 理解文化 Understanding Culture
(1) Explain the following statement: “In studying other cultures, we do so very often from the perspective of our own culture.”
(2) In small groups, identify your culture or co-culture.
(3) In small groups, discuss the following topic: “We are alike and we are different.” Have the group produce one list that describes how two different ethnic groups are alike and another list that specifies how they are different.
3 文化身份 Cultural Identity
(1) What are some of your different identities and how did you acquire them? What are some differences between your identities and the same identities in another culture?
(2) How did you establish some of your identities? How do you enact those identities?
4 文化价值 Cultural Values
(1) How does cultural diversity in social perception affect the intercultural communication process?
(2) Working with others in a small group and using Hofstede’s value dimensions, make a list of behaviors found in Chinese culture that reflect individualism, uncertainty avoidance, and femininity.
(3) What differences in behavior are exhibited by people who come from cultures that have different activity orientations?
(4) Examine your behavior and determine how well you fit into the various degrees of time orientation.
(5) Examine the concept of high- and low-context cultures.What problems can you anticipate when you are communicating with someone who holds a different context orientation?
(6) What cultural values help explain why face is more important in Asian societies than in the United States?
5 深层文化之家庭 Deep Culture: Family
(1) What are some ways in which a person’s family influences his or her cultural identity?
(2) Working in small groups, have each person discuss the “stories” that helped form his or her family and cultural identity.
(3) Assemble a small group of people from a variety of cultures and try to answer the following questions:
a. What sort of family interactions influence gender roles?
b. How do family interaction patterns influence relations between young people and the elderly?
(4)Can you think of some ways that globalization will change our traditional notion of what is considered a family?
6 深层文化之历史Deep Culture: History
(1) Pair off in class or out of class with someone from a culture different from your own. Find out as much as you can about the history of your partner’s culture. Try to isolate examples of how your partner’s cultural values have been determined by historical events.
(2) How can the different historical legacies of the United States and the Islamic world promote conflict?
(1) In a small group, discuss what aspects of religion are most directly related to perception and communication.
(2) Explain how understanding the religious aspect of a particular culture’s lifestyle might help you understand that culture’s worldview.
(3) In a small group, try to answer the following question:
Why has religion been so relevant to humankind for more than ten thousand years?
(4) In a small group, discuss the common principles and practices you see among all of the major religions.
8 言语交流 Verbal Communication
(1) Discuss different ways that language differences could infl uence an intercultural marriage.
(2) Working with someone from another culture whose second language is English, compile a list of animals that are common to both of you, then compare the sounds that each of you hears from those animals.
(3) In a small group, discuss what images come to mind when you hear different types of accents. Try to decide why you form those images.
9言语交流 2 Verbal Communication 2
(1) Have you noticed any similarities or differences between men and women in their conversation?
(2) Why do man and women have different expectations about communication in marriage?
(3) Explain how the systematic differences in childhood socialization make talk between men and women like cross-cultural communication?
(4) What solution do you offer to the communication problems between men and women?
(1) In a small group, discuss the following sentence: “Our nonverbal actions usually are a reflection of our culture.”
(2) Give your culture’s interpretation of the following nonverbal actions:
a. Two people are speaking loudly, waving their arms, and using many gestures.
b. A customer in a restaurant waves his hand over his head and snaps his fi ngers loudly.
c. An elderly woman dresses entirely in black.
d. A young man dresses entirely in black.
e. An adult pats a child’s head.
f. Two men kiss in public.
(3) What is meant by“Nonverbal communication is rule-governed”?
11 跨文化交流能力 ICC competence
(1) Think about furthering study in another country.
What preparations would you make to minimize the effects of culture shock?
(2) As a member of a host culture, what responsibilities do you believe you have to make immigrants feel comfortable in their new cultural environment?
(3) In a small group, discuss the relative merits of a fundamentalist and a relativist approach to developing an intercultural ethic.
12 跨文化交流技巧 ICC Skills
(1) What communication skills are most valued in your culture?
(2) Define your communication style to the best of your ability by answering these questions:
a. Do I give my full attention to people?
b. Do I seem at ease or tense?
c. Do I often change the subject without taking the other person into consideration?
d. Do I deprecate the statements of others?
e. Do I interrupt repeatedly?
f. Do I show sympathy when someone has a problem?
g. Do my actions tend to lower the other person’s self-esteem?
13 商务情境中跨文化交流 ICC in Business
(1) What cultural differences, be they in values or behavior, are the most important for the intercultural manager to learn about?
(2) In small groups, list the different problems that can arise in a multinational workforce, either international or domestic. Discuss some measures that might help resolve or lessen these problems.
(3) Select a newspaper or magazine article that discusses a negotiation session between members of two or more cultures. Analyze the situation by isolating why the negotiation was successful or why it failed. Try to use the concepts from this chapter.
14 教育情境中跨文化交流 ICC in Education
(1) What is meant by the phrase “communication is rule governed”? What are some of the rules that govern your communication in the classroom?
(2) Say there is a sixth-grade classroom with the following student balance: six Latinos, eight European Americans, five African Americans, four Japanese, and one Iranian.
a. What kinds of communication problems would you anticipate at the beginning of the school year?
b. How you would reconcile the different learning preferences of students?
Samovar, Larry A. & Porter, Richard E. Communication Between Cultures (6thedition) [M]. Beijing University Press, 2009.